onsdag 15 juni 2011

Två rapporter om att skapa bättre system för arbetskraftsinvandring

Migration Policy Institute har gett ut två rapporter om att skapa bättre system för arbetskraftsinvandring.

Demetrios G. Papademetriou and Madeleine Sumption, Eight Policies to Boost the Economic Contribution of Employment-Based Immigration, June 2011

Drawing on experiences from Asia, Europe, North America, and the Pacific region, this policy memo presents eight strategies developed by immigrant-receiving countries to increase the economic contribution of employment-based immigration. These policies represent best practices that policymakers can rely on to create effective and efficient economic-stream immigration systems.

More specifically, the policies discussed here focus on selecting immigrants with a range of skill levels, retaining those with the greatest potential to succeed, engaging employers constructively in the immigration process, and facilitating immigrant integration. They comprise the following:
* Creating temporary-to-permanent visa pathways
* Streamlining immigration for the most skilled workers
* Retaining top foreign students
* Reconsidering the role of visa fees
* Rewarding employers who play by the rules
* Building institutions with adaptation and flexibility at their core
* Taking a strategic approach to immigrant integration
* Seeking regional and local engagement in the admissions process

Demetrios G. Papademetriou and Madeleine Sumption, Rethinking Points Systems and Employer-Selected Immigration, June 2011

Advanced industrialized economies typically have used one of two competing models for selecting economic-stream immigrants: Points-based or employer-led selection. Increasingly, however, they are creating hybrid selection systems, implement the best ideas from each model. The result: Selection systems that have much of the flexibility of points systems while also prioritizing employer demand.

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