Migration Policy Institute har gett ut två rapporter om att skapa bättre system för arbetskraftsinvandring.
Demetrios G. Papademetriou and Madeleine Sumption, Eight Policies to Boost the Economic Contribution of Employment-Based Immigration, June 2011
Drawing on experiences from Asia, Europe, North America, and the Pacific region, this policy memo presents eight strategies developed by immigrant-receiving countries to increase the economic contribution of employment-based immigration. These policies represent best practices that policymakers can rely on to create effective and efficient economic-stream immigration systems.
More specifically, the policies discussed here focus on selecting immigrants with a range of skill levels, retaining those with the greatest potential to succeed, engaging employers constructively in the immigration process, and facilitating immigrant integration. They comprise the following:
* Creating temporary-to-permanent visa pathways
* Streamlining immigration for the most skilled workers
* Retaining top foreign students
* Reconsidering the role of visa fees
* Rewarding employers who play by the rules
* Building institutions with adaptation and flexibility at their core
* Taking a strategic approach to immigrant integration
* Seeking regional and local engagement in the admissions process
Demetrios G. Papademetriou and Madeleine Sumption, Rethinking Points Systems and Employer-Selected Immigration, June 2011
Advanced industrialized economies typically have used one of two competing models for selecting economic-stream immigrants: Points-based or employer-led selection. Increasingly, however, they are creating hybrid selection systems, implement the best ideas from each model. The result: Selection systems that have much of the flexibility of points systems while also prioritizing employer demand.