Idag lanseras MIPEX III, ett index som mäter olika länders integrationspolitik. Sverige hamnar åter igen i topp och är det enda landet som får högsta betyg: favourable. Här är de länder som toppar listan.
1. Sverige (83)
2. Portugal (79)
3. Kanada (72)
4. Finland (69)
5. Nederländerns (68)
6. Belgien (67)
7. Norge (66)
8. Spanien (63)
9. USA (62)
10. Italien (60)
Ranked 1st again, Sweden’s ‘mainstreaming’ approach works to improve equal opportunities in practice. All residents are legally entitled to be free from discrimination, live with their family and secure in their residence and citizenship. Within Sweden’s social model, each individual is also legally entitled to support that addresses their specific needs (e.g. labour market introduction, orientation programmes, Swedish language and mother tongue courses).
All Swedish residents still enjoy largely equal rights and responsibilities. Newcomers saw few changes affecting Sweden’s MIPEX score, but new laws may improve implementation and impact. An employer-based immigration system and labour market introduction structure should help more become self-sufficient – and faster. It should also help them meet new family reunion conditions. Government wants these to act as incentives – not obstacles – in practice because a newcomers’ right to family life is equally important. Integration policy benefits from Sweden’s commitment to evaluation and partnership with researchers, civil society and immigrants themselves.
Värt att notera är att Sverige får betyget 100% när det gäller arbetsmarknaden.
All workers are treated equally and use targeted support to address their individual needs. Once residents obtain a permit of at least 1 year, the Swedish labour market does not create distinctions between Swedes and EU/non-EU nationals. For example, study grants are available for anyone working, including childcare within the family. Newcomers are informed of their rights under labour law through introduction programmes, unions, NGO partnerships and several multilingual websites (unlike in half the MIPEX countries). The 2008 Swedish Immigration Law reinforces that all workers have equal rights to fight exploitation and unfair competition (also unlike half). Immigrants to Sweden will find that rare combination of a country experienced with immigration and open to their economic potential.
Uppdatering: Resultaten börjar att uppmärksammas i svensk media. Nu återstår den stora frågan. Om Sverige har den bästa integrationspolitiken, varför har Sverige inte den bästa integrationen?