I slutet av oktober höll OECD en konferens om invandringens ekonomiska effekter, den allmänna opinionen om migration, och kopplingarna mellan de två. Hela programmet finns att se på OECD:s hemsida där det också går att ladda hem några av de presenterade bidragen, bland annat:
Xavier Chojnicki, Research fellow, CEPII ; Assistant Professor, Equippe & Université Lille 2, Impacts of Immigration on Aging Welfare-State: An Applied General Equilibrium Model for France
Eskil Wadensjö, Professor, Director of SULCIS, Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI), Stockholm University, The Significance of Immigration for Public Finance in Denmark
Michele Pellizzari, Assistant Professor, Università Bocconi, The Use of Welfare by Migrants in Italy
Så här presenterades konferensen:
In the absence of migration, there will be 30 percent more exits than entries to the working-age population of high-income OECD countries in the year 2020. Immigration, in conjunction with policies such as better mobilisation of domestic human resources, is one way to help alleviate the labor shortages that will result from these demographic trends. Indeed, prior to the crisis, many OECD countries had already taken measures to facilitate labor migration, and these policies were one of the driving forces behind the growth in international migration until 2008. Yet public opinion in many countries does not seem readily accepting of more labor immigration, as evidenced by the rise of anti-immigrant parties. One of the central elements shaping public opinion on migration is the fiscal impact of immigration, and in many countries there is a debate about the links between migration and the welfare state.
In this context, the conference aims at shedding some new light on these important issues shaping migration policy – the fiscal contribution of migrants, public opinion on migration, and the links between the two.